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Occupations and Trades of the Eighteenth Century

These are some of the occupations and trades that were a part of daily eighteenth-century life:

  • Apothecary - acted as pharmacist, doctor, dentist, and general storekeeper
  • Barber - cut hair; also was a surgeon
  • Blacksmith-Armorer - made things from iron and repaired weapons
  • Bookbinder
  • Breechesmaker - mades breeches
  • Brickmaker
  • Cabinetmaker - made and repaired furniture
  • Carpenter-joiner - built interiors of ships and houses
  • Chandler - made candles
  • Coachmaker - made coaches and wagons
  • Cooper - made containers of wood, such as barrels
  • Cutler - made, sold, and repaired knives and scissors
  • Farrier - shoed horses and acted as a veterinarian
  • Goldsmith - made hollow ware (bowls, cups, and vases) and jewelry
  • Gunsmith
  • Hatter
  • Leather dresser
  • Mantuamaker - dressmaker
  • Milliner - made dresses and hats and sold accessories
  • Music Teacher
  • Printer - published the newspaper, sold books and other printed materials, and often served as postmaster
  • Ropemaker
  • Saddler - made saddles, harnesses, and other leather items
  • Shoemaker
  • Silversmith
  • Tavern Keeper - provided meals, drinks, entertainment, and lodging
  • Weaver
  • Wheelwright - made wheels and carts
  • Wigmaker
  • Whitesmith - made things of iron and steel, then polished them to make them look like silver


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