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FEBRUARY 1, 2012

VOLUME 10, ISSUE 6

"Was Freedom Enough?"

This entry in the New York Times "Disunion" blog asks readers to examine the aftermath of Emancipation: "Was freedom, narrowly construed, enough? Was freedom simply a license, the right to make choices, however constrained, as white planters claimed? Or did freedom extend to the ballot box, to education, to equality of opportunity? And who defined freedom, and what did it mean to 19th-century African-Americans, both under slavery and after the war?" Gregory P. Downs and James Downs outline current historical arguments on the matter and present a reading list for those interested in learning more about the difficult Reconstruction period.


Primary Source of the Month

Worse Than Slavery editorial cartoon
"The Union as it was / The lost cause, worse than slavery" by Thomas Nast
The Library of Congress

Though institutional slavery had been dismantled, the struggles of African Americans were far from over. Discrimination, intimidation, and violence against African Americans was common in many parts of the country, especially in the South, where groups like those depicted here not only used political influence to curtail the rights of African Americans but also intimidation, arson, and lynching.


When Freedom Came EFT
The Next Electronic Field Trip
is When Freedom Came
February 16, 2012

Find sources of federal funding for EFTs in this PDF.


ABC-CLIO logo
Downloadable American History
Lesson Plans from ABC-CLIO
and Colonial Williamsburg


Teaching News

Kids In Need Foundation Grants Open February 14

The Kids in Need Foundation is awarding 250 school supply grants ranging from $100 to $500 to teachers at schools in need. Teachers must choose a classroom project from the provided list and fill out an application explaining how the project will benefit their students. Projects are divided by subject and grade. History projects include living history presentations; building a Native American village; creating decision scrapbooks; and more. Applications can be downloaded starting February 14.


February Podcasts
February Podcasts
02/06: The Boston Slave Petitions
Vodcast: Interpreting African American History Then & Now
02/13: The Education Our Economy Needs
02/20: Washington's Pearly Whites
02/27: Our Native Past

Also check out our Black History Month podcasts!


The Idea of America
The Idea of America
A digital American history program that inspires and prepares high school students for active citizenship, developed by Colonial Williamsburg and distributed by Pearson Education.

 



Colonial Williamsburg CONNECT

Teaching Strategy: Imperfect Freedom

The period after the Civil War known as Reconstruction lasted from 1865 to 1877. It was a time of rebuilding and reunifying the war-ravaged country as more inclusive and without slavery. This was no easy task and equality was far from attained by Reconstruction's end. In this lesson, students compare the hopes and expectations created by the Emancipation Proclamation and Reconstruction amendments to the realities of discrimination after slavery.


Colonial Williamsburg Teaching Resources for Your Classroom

2012–2013 Teaching Resources Catalog

Colonial Williamsburg offers a variety of quality American history instructional materials, including:

  • Slave's Bag Hands-on History Kit
  • Stories Under African Skies CD-ROM
  • No Master Over Me EFT on DVD

Kids Zone: History, Games & Fun


2010 Distance Learning Award
21st Century Award
for Best Practices in Distance Learning,
preK–12
United States Distance Learning Association, 2010

2011 AEP Finalist
Distinguished Achievement Award Finalist 2011
Association of Educational Publishers


Quotation of the Month

"Where justice is denied, where poverty is enforced, where ignorance prevails, and where any one class is made to feel that society is an organized conspiracy to oppress, rob and degrade them, neither persons nor property will be safe."

—Frederick Douglass, in a speech made on April 16, 1886, on the twenty-fourth anniversary of emancipation in Washington, D.C. As quoted in The Frederick Douglass Papers, Series 1,
Vol. 1
. ed. John W. Blassingame.
New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1979.



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Colonial Williamsburg for Teachers




The Colonial Williamsburg Electronic Field Trip Series is supported in part
by the William and Gretchen Kimball Young Patriots Fund.

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